Nuclear energy

Nuclear energy

The first nuclear reactor was developed in 1942 for military use. After World War II., the diversion of nuclear technology to peaceful uses, including the generation of electrical power plant, began in 1951 with President Eisenhower's Atoms for Peace program. Chemistry has played an internal part ever since, producing the radioactive materials used as fuel in the reactors, the reactor control rods that regulate the flow of neutrons from the radioactive decay, the reprocessing of the fuel rods after they lost their efficiency, waste-management, environmental protection, and minimizing radiation load of the citizens.

Uranium used to produce atomic energyUranium used to produce atomic energy

The process of uranium fission

  1. Incident neutron +
  2. Fissionable nucleus
  3. Nucleus splitting
  4. Energy release
  5. Fission products (radioactive nuclei)
  6. + incident neutron
  7. Fissionable nucleus

Did you know?

Atomic energy provides 6.5% of the world's energy and 15.7% of the world's electric energy. According to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), there are 439 atomic reactors in 31 countries worldwide. The majority of atomic energy is produced by the United States, France and Japan; and these countries provide 57% of the world's nuclear energy.