Livestock protection

Louis PasteurLouis Pasteur

Livestock protection

The treatment of animal disease, either by vaccination or medication, has substantially increased the quality and quantity of the food supply. In 1881, Louis Pasteur successfully perfected techniques to vaccinate animals in order to induce immunity against the anthrax-causing organisms.


In 1981, the anti-parasitic Ivermectin fought a wide range of mites, worms, and other internal parasites affecting animal health. Current research programmes attempt to prevent bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), the so-called "mad cow disease", which is believed to be caused by proteins in animal feed harbouring the infectious agent.

Anthrax bacteria cultureAnthrax bacteria culture

Did you know?

The spongy degeneration in the brain and spinal cord is not caused by bacteia or viruses, but a specific type of misfolded protein called a prion causes previously normal protein molecules to contort by themselves from an alpha helical arrangement to a disease-causing shape for the particular protein.