Laser and fiber optics

Laser and fiber optics

Pure glass fibers now provide the infrastructure to carry information via laser-produced light in a revolutionary technical achievement. Chemical researchers invented the first optical fiber in 1970.


Once fiber optics were fabricated, they were installed as integrated components. The first lightwave system was installed in 1977 to provide voice, data, and video service over a network. Today, a single fiber-optic cable can transmit millions of phone calls, data files, and video images.

Parts of a fiber-optic cable

  1. Polyethylene
  2. "Mylar" tape
  3. Stranded metal (steel) wires
  4. Aluminum water barrier
  5. Polycarbonate
  6. Copper or aluminum tube
  7. Petroleum jelly
  8. Optical fibers
Parts of a fiber-optic cableParts of a fiber-optic cable

Did you know?

Today, the total length of fiber-optic cables laid all around the Earth is approximately one billion km; that is, they would run around the Equator 25 thousand times.The largest fiber-optic cable systems are located in the Silicon Valley, United States, in Europe, and in Israel.

High-capacity industrial laser system in operation

Industrial laser machines are used for, among other things, precision laser cutting as it enables irregular and richly detailed forms and shapes to be cut with absolute precision.