Artificial limbs and medical devices

Artificial limbs and medical devices

Modern artificial limbs and organs, replacement joints, contact lenses and hearing aids, and biomaterials are crafted from specialized plastics and other high-tech materials produced through chemistry. By manipulating the structures of molecules and creating new ones, chemists and engineers have produced new medical materials that are strong, flexible, and durable.

In medicine, a high number of human organs can be replaced by artificial high-tech materials and devicesIn medicine, a high number of human organs can be replaced by artificial high-tech materials and devices

A few medical devices include the 1945 artificial kidney, the 1950s prosthetic heart valves, and the 1982 surgical implantation of a permanent artificial heart. Plastic contact lenses were introduced in 1956, and soft bifocal contacts were refined in 1985.

Did you know?

The functions of eyes suffering from age-related cataract can be re-established by the implantation of artificial lenses through an ambulant operation followed by a couple of days' recovery.