Cars in the 21st century only remotely resemble their ancestors, in terms of both their appearance and the comfort and security they offer. Reducing weight in automobiles by transitioning from metal to plastics and identifying new high-performance materials are possible due to chemical achievements. Automobile manufacturers use synthetic petroleum-based polymers for their toughness, hardness and weather resistance that are required for rigid structural components.
Granted the international environmental award ÖkoGlobe, the 'i-flow' concept car delivered by Hyundai and BASF features next-generation materials and technologies, and proves that reducing the emission of carbon-dioxid by applying chemical technologies is not a contradiction.
The high-capacity headlights provide maximum visibility at night, and corrosion is prevented by special materials and coatings. Chemical coolant flows in a closed cooling system, and the seat belts and airbags contain special polymeric fibers.
Design applications include: complex body shapes fabricated by injection molding, thermoplastic bumpers, polypropylene fibers that are colorfast and UV-stable, and special paints coatings, and adhesives.